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Narcissism may benefit the young

Narcissism may benefit the young

CHAMPAIGN, lll. We all know one, or think we do: the person whose selfregard seems out of proportion to his or her actual merits. Popular culture labels these folks almost always a derogatory term. But a new study suggests that some forms of narcissism are at least in the short term beneficial, helping children navigate the difficult transition to adulthood.

people think of narcissism as a trait that doesn change much across the lifespan, said postdoctoral researcher Patrick Hill, who conducted the study with University of Illinois psychology professor Brent Roberts. a lot of recent studies have shown that the developmental trajectory of narcissism goes upward in adolescence and what we call emerging adulthood the late teens and early 20s, and then typically declines.

This reduction in narcissistic traits coincides with a decline in their usefulness, the researchers found.

Hill and Roberts surveyed 368 undergraduate college students and 439 of their family members to get a picture of the narcissistic traits of the students and of their mothers. There were enough mothers but not other relatives in the study to provide a robust sample size for analysis.

looked at three different forms of narcissism, Hill said. The second is exhibitionism, being pompous, wanting to show off, and having an exaggerated sense of one capabilities and talents. The third is a sense of entitlement and a willingness to exploit others for personal gain.

In the study, young people who were high in the leadership and grandiose exhibitionism forms of narcissism were likely to report higher life satisfaction and wellbeing, while mothers who had the same traits were not.

A sense of entitlement or willingness to exploit others for personal gain predicted lower life satisfaction at every age, however.

In general, participants had a lower opinion of those with narcissistic traits. Narcissistic mothers, in particular, tended to be viewed as neurotic and low in conscientiousness, the researchers found. Students who were narcissistic were not generally judged to be neurotic, but they and their narcissistic mothers were more likely to be viewed as low in

These negative judgments, particularly of older adults, have quite interesting negative ramifications for people circumstances in middle and old age if they retain this rather grandiose sense of self, Roberts said.

study continues a line of research that shows that there is a fundamental developmental shift in both the amounts of narcissism that people have and also in the meaning of it as people age, Roberts said. An exaggerated belief in one own capabilities and prospects may help young people adolescence and the turmoil involved in trying to find a sense of identity, he said. Later in life, however, those same traits to be related to less life satisfaction and a poorer reputation.

Khodorkovsky still in Russian prison

Khodorkovsky still in Russian prison

The richestorags story of former Russian oil tycoon and political dissident Mikhail Khodorkovsky took another turn today, albeit a slight one. The countrys highest court ruled Tuesday to give Mr. Khodorkovsky and his business partner Platon Lebedev, who have been in prison since 2005, a twomonth reduction in their sentences.

The onetime business heavyweight became a poster child of dissent against Russian President Vladimir Putin after he was convicted in 2005 of fraud and tax evasion, and then again in 2010 of embezzlement and money laundering, in what many believe were politically motivated show trials.

According to the BBC, Russias supreme court ruled against an appeal for the immediate release of Khodorkovsky and Mr. Lededev Tuesday. However, the court did trim their sentences by two months, meaning that Khodorkovsky could walk free by August 2014.

In the early 2000s, Khodorkovsky was the richest man in Russia, having made billions as the head of Yukos, one of Russias largest oil companies, during the period of rapid privatization that followed the collapse of the Soviet Union. One of the infamous Oligarchs former Soviet apparatchiks who gained control of Russias resources by surreptitious means and at one point controlled 70 percent of its economy he was reviled at the time of his arrest in 2003.

After his first conviction in 2005, international legal experts and human rights groups widely criticized the Kremlin for what was seen as political persecution of a potentially threatening political rival, reports the Wall Street Journal. As their first sentence drew to an end, another controversial series of charges were laid against Khodorkovsky and Lebedev in 2010, extending their sentence to 2016.

But in December 2012, a Moscow city court reduced their sentences by two years, reports RIA Novosti. And the newly trimmed 11year sentence was further reduced today.

Mr. Putins Kremlin has an ignominious history of persecuting political dissidents through selective and potentially prejudicial application of the law. Beginning when he took office, Putin reduced the power of the Oligarchs by seizing their assets, imprisoning them, or forcing them to flee the country.

More recently, one of Russias leading economists, Sergi Guriev, fled the country in May out of fear of retribution for his antiKremlin political beliefs. And in July, anticorruption campaigner and wouldbe political candidate Alexi Navalny was convicted of embezzlement in a trial that scandalized the Russian opposition, writes The Christian Science Monitor.

But while many believe that Khodorkovsky is a prime example of the political witch hunts that have come to characterize Putins rule, the Russian president was vindicated last month by a European Court of Human Rights decision that proclaimed the former tycoons first trial was not politically motivated, according to another Monitor report. But claims of political motivation behind prosecution require incontestable proof, which has not been presented, it added.

Still, with another year left on his sentence, supporters of Khodorkovsky and Lebedev are worried that the Kremlin may strike again, reports Agence France Press.

However some activists have expressed fear that new charges could yet be brought against Khodorkovsky as the Kremlin considers him such a dangerous potential opponent.

Putin, who has never made a secret of his dislike of Khodorkovsky, said even before the verdict in the second trial was announced that a thief should be in prison, drawing criticism that he was interfering in the process.